In recent years, television content providers have closely associated the term transnational with revolutionary. However, transnational consumption of televisual programming is not a phenomenon unique to the current era of platforms and streaming. This literature review examines the historical context of recent trends by beginning with a brief overview of the concept of transnational television in the United States, then focusing specifically on European transnationalism in the late twentieth century. Continuing with literature concerning the notion of the post-broadcast era, and the role of convergence culture in relation to new media, this paper concludes with a discussion of how transmedia and participatory culture changed the approach towards transnational/multinational storytelling.  

Keywords: transnational television, digital distribution, streaming, broadcast, multidirectionality.